Most of the problems with managing solid waste happen in big cities and towns worldwide, and this is because people and businesses create a huge amount of solid waste. In most of the world’s cities and large towns, trash is not only piled up on trash dumps but is also thrown and left to pile up in street piles and small illegal dumps on any space.
Most third-world countries are in worse shape than industrialized countries, which have the resources, knowledge, and public attitude to control and manage their waste. This chapter gives a good way to figure out how well solid waste is managed in Texas.
In its broadest sense, trash management is just a system for making, storing, collecting, transporting, sorting, processing, and effectively getting rid of the trash. Waste management is an important part of protecting the environment. Its goal is to provide clean, effective, and affordable services for storing, collecting, transporting, treating, or getting rid of solid waste while keeping the air, land, and water clean.
The phrase “solid waste chain” refers to how solid waste is handled, from when it is made until it is thrown away cleanly. So, the solid waste chain is the path that solid waste takes from when it is made to when it is thrown away.
Sustainable solid waste management requires recovery. Sorting trash is an important part of managing solid waste sustainably since it takes care of about 30 to 50 percent of the job. This publication also has a presentation of the solid waste source sorting method.
Waste management has become more important around the world in recent years. Trash is often made at homes, factories, construction sites, refineries, and nuclear power plants. As the population grows, so do people’s habits about what they buy and how much they buy.
As people’s lifestyles have changed, alarming environmental risks have come to light. Poor waste management can hurt the environment and people’s health in many ways. Because of this, people and groups need to understand how important waste management is. Waste management includes treating and recycling solid and liquid trash and taking care of and getting rid of both types of trash.
People used to dig a hole in remote rural areas to get rid of their trash many years ago. Due to the low population at the time, it was thought that this way of getting rid of trash would work. Because the population was small, there wasn’t as much trash, making it easy to deal with. As the population grew, so did the rubbish, making it difficult to remove.
There are non-biodegradable and inorganic parts in today’s trash. If this trash goes into landfills, it will take a long time to break down. Waste management lets people get rid of trash quickly and correctly.
Waste management keeps the environment safe from the harmful effects of inorganic and biodegradable waste. Poor waste management can lead to pollution in the air, erosion of the land, and contamination of the water.
If trash is collected and handled correctly, it can be recycled. Plastic, glass, and paper can be separated into different columns so that they can be used to make new things while saving natural resources. Also, when the trash isn’t recycled and ends up in landfills or the ocean, it puts both people and marine life in danger.
Most places in the world don’t have good sewage treatment, leading to eutrophication and beach closing. The World Wildlife Fund (WWF) thinks that each year, 8 million tones of plastic end up in the ocean.
Waste management protects people, wildlife, and natural resources. It will also help the economy because it will make it easier to run a waste management system that works well, which will lead to more jobs. In countries that aren’t as developed, trash is often thrown out on the streets and in empty lots, while in developed countries, there are places to throw trash away.
When trash that hasn’t been treated goes into the air, it hurts infrastructure and makes the environment unsafe. Waste management is becoming increasingly important, not only because it is good for the environment but also because it is a growing business.